After today, we are 3/4 of the way through the potential questions on the US citizenship test. I hope you've found this series helpful!
This week, I've included 2 economics-related questions, as well as three questions about the Executive Branch.
Question 71: What is the economic system in the United States?
Answer: capitalist/market economy
Capitalism is a type of economy that is based on private ownership of businesses for the profit of individuals. This is in contrast with other economic systems, such as socialism (where the public owns companies and divides the resources).
The United States was founded on the principle that every person has the opportunity to "live the American dream" and make it rich by working hard and climbing up the economic ladder. This idea was embodied by people in the 19th century like John D. Rockefeller, who had humble beginnings but went on to become the richest person in American history. Even today, people like Steve Jobs (who founded Apple in a garage and went on to become one of the wealthiest businessmen in the United States) have proven that common people can achieve great financial success.
Question 72: What is the last day you can send in federal income tax forms?
Answer: April 15
Paying taxes is very important, not only for US citizens, but also for permanent residents and even people here on a visa or people who are undocumented.
If you plan on applying for citizenship in the future, it is imperative that you pay your federal and state income taxes on time, because you will be asked about any failure to pay these taxes on the citizenship application. You can find out more about filing federal income tax on the IRS website.
Question 73: What does the President's Cabinet do?
Answer: Advises the President
The President's Cabinet consists of the nation's highest ranking appointed officials in the Executive Branch. The very first Cabinet, selected by President George Washington, consisted of only 4 members; today, there are 16 Cabinet members, including the Vice President.
Most of the Cabinet members oversee Executive Branch agencies, such as the Department of Homeland Security, the Department of Defense, and the Department of Justice.
The Cabinet meets regularly to discuss the President's policy agenda and make plans on how to achieve his goals. Cabinet members advise the President about issues in their specific fields and offices.
Question 74: What are two Cabinet-level positions?
Answers: Secretary of: (a) Agriculture; (b) Commerce; (c) Defense; (d) Education; (e) Energy; (f) Health and Human Services; (g) Homeland Security; (h) Housing and Urban Development; (i) Interior; (j) Labor; (k) State; (l) Transportation; (m) Treasury; (n) Veteran's Affairs; (o) Attorney General; (p) Vice President
Keep in mind you have to provide two of these answers to get this question correct.
Other than the Vice President (answer P), each Cabinet member is in charge of a specific government agency. Those that are "Secretary of...." are in charge of the agency in his or her titles (for example, the Secretary of State is in charge of the Department of State). The Attorney General is in charge of the Department of Justice.
To prepare for the test, I would suggest just choosing two of these positions and memorizing them. Luckily, you don't have to know who the current people are who hold these positions!
Question 75: Who is in charge of the executive branch?
Answer: The President
As I've discussed in prior posts, the Executive Branch is established in Article II of the Constitution and is led by the President. This branch is tasked with carrying out the laws created by Congress.